Mango is one of the most important commercially grown fruit crop in India. It is called the king of fruits. India has the richest collection of mango cultivars. Each variety has a distinct taste, shape and colour. From the rose-red Gulab Khas or Sindhura to parrot beak shaped Totapuri, unique mango varieties reign the Indian markets. India boasts of amazing varieties of mangoes that dominate the markets from mid-April to August. India ranks first among world’s mango producing countries accounting for about 50% of the world’s mango production. India produces quality mangoes; Alphonso is highly liked by the western countries.
The joy of mangoes is not limited to the ripened ones alone. Slices of green mangoes smeared with masala is a particular favorite. Then comes the semi-picked mangoes, with the delicious infusion of brine and turmeric, that lay invitingly out to dry, yeah, that’s the mango pickle, it’s off course a fully realized pleasure. Every region has its own version of the mango pickle and each outdoes the other. There are other forms too. The aam-panna that makes summer more bearable. The aam-papad, that makes the mouth feel tingly and naughty.
The sweetness of mangoes is ripe and golden, evoking the sun in hay. It offers as it has an uplifting quality that no other fruit comes close to. It makes goodness and happiness real. The varieties are eaten sliced combine firmness and softness, sweetness with the just the right amount of tartness wrapped in a heavenly aroma, which is the product of a complex interplay of many different aromas. Now the question arises that, how to identify the varieties as we have lot of them in our market. Don’t worry, will help out with few tips to recognize.
01/12 Totapuri/ Gillimavu
Mild in taste and greenish in colour, this variety of mango looks like a parrot's beak. Hails from Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, the flesh of this variety is not sweet like other varieties but is great for for salads and pickles.
How to identify: When ripe, it is greenish in colour and looks like a parrot's beak.
This variant is sweet, and yet has a slight tanginess to it that has an aroma that lingers in your mouth for long. This is very good for preparing shakes, as the pulp has a good yellow colour.
How to identify: Distinct in appearance with red blush on the shoulder with yellow sweet flesh.
Significantly larger than their Alphonso counterparts, this mango variety is produced in Banaganapalle of Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh. With their pleasant aroma, they are oval in shape, with smooth skin, and is around 14 cm in length.
How to identify: It has an oval shape with light yellowish color with few spots on it.
04/12 Ratnagiri Alphonso
The famous 'Ratnagiri Aam' is found in the Maharashtra region of Ratnagiri, Devgarh, Raigad, and Konkan and interestingly, each mango weighs between 150 to 300 grams. Alphonso Mango is one of the best varieties of mango found in India and also the most exported variety.
How to identify: One can easily identify this variety by finding a tinge of red on the top of the fruit.
Popular in North India and Bihar, this variety was introduced by Sher Shah Suri during his reign in the sixteenth century. Named after a town in Bihar, this variety is characterised by incredibly sweet pulp and bright yellow skin.
How to identify: It is characterized by its yellow-golden colour.
Largely grown and consumed in Old Mysuru of Karnataka, this variety is known as the Queen of Mangoes in India. It arrives in the month of May and is available by the end of June. It tastes best in form of yoghurt, smoothie and jam. How to identify: They are oval in shape and about 4 to 6 inches long.
This variety is grown in every part of the country, usually found in abundance in June. With orange skin, they are tiny in comparison to other varieties.
How to identify: They have orange skin and are tiny is the size in comparison to other varieties of mango.
08/12 Malgova/ Mulgoa
Malgova or Malgoa is a round mango that retains a green color with shades of yellow. It is roundish-oblique in shape, the pulp is light yellow, and is mostly available in May and June.
How to identify: It has a roundish-oblique shape with a small stone weighing 300-500 grams.
Malda, also known as 'King of Mangoes' in Bihar is completely non-fibrous, making it a good pick for chutneys. It is sweet-sour in flavour and is pulpy and delicious.
How to identify: It has a thinner cover as compared to other types of mangoes and has a sweet aroma.
Being among the most expensive varieties, the color of the pulp resembles saffron, the spice it is named after. It is mostly grown in and around Ahmedabad and Gujarat, this variety was first cultivated by the Nawabs of Junagarh in 1931 and was named Kesar in 1934.
How to identify: It smells like Kesar which is its most distinguishing feature.
11/12 Mallika (Neelum x Dashehari)
First mango hybrid released for commercial cultivation after planned hybridization. Suitable for processing.
Known for their diversity, distinct flavour, strong aroma and keeping quality, appemidis are integral to the food culture of Malnad. “Cheers to mango madness”